Igcse geography case studies pdf

Convection currents in the mantle distribute the heat from the core. This movement drags the plates in different directions and is responsible for earthquakes and volcanoes. Over millions of years the land masses that we are familiar with have moved around the planet as the tectonic plates shifted about.

Where the different sections of tectonic plate meet the movement causes geographical features such as mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes. Objective: be able to correctly label the key features of volcanoes and relate them to the increased risk they pose to human settlements.

Objective: be able to describe the main events and damage caused by the volcano. You should be able to suggest reasons for the extent of the damage. Objective: Demonstrate an ability to to identify factors that can affect the scale of a disaster and be able to link them to levels of development. Explain why the less developed a country is the more it is likely to suffer if an earthquake occurs. Earthquakes and volcanoes Study and revision resources.

Toggle navigation i-study. Plate Tectonics. Structure of the Earth. It is the thinnest layer and the one which we live on.

Summary: Case studies for Geography IGCSE (0460)

Task Draw and label a diagram showing the earths structure. Figure 2. Plate Movement The earths crust is broken into different sections which are slowly moving about. Constrcutive Boundaries Convection currents in the mantle drag the plates apart. Magma rises to fill the gap and solidifies to form new crust. As the process repeats a ridge is formed and this slowly gets wider as the plates continue to seperate.

Example: the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. This creates fissure volcanoes which are long cracks, they are less explosive. The oceanic plate is denser and so sinks under the continental plate. As the oceanic plate sinks it takes some sand, water and other materia from the sea bed with it. This melts and is gaseous which causes it to force its way up to the surface as a volcano.Lack of resources, poor infrastructure and under-developed technology coupled with the high population have been responsible for decreasing the carrying capacity of the region.

Overpopulation in Bangladesh resulted in overcrowded areas with traffic congestion as there are too many vehicles on the the roads, especially in cities such as Dhaka. Vehicle emissions, industrial discharge and burning of fossil fuels have resulted in air pollutionwhile the ground water has been polluted due to arsenic. Furthermore, shortage of food lead to overcultivation on the flood plains of the Ganges rivercausing lower yields and soil exhaustion.

Another major problem is the widespread deforestation for firewood on the slopes of the Himalayas. The capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka, also suffers from severe housing shortages due to mass urbanisation. Canada is regarded as an underpopulated country as the carrying capacity is much higher than the current population. The 35 million people in Canada can not fully exploit the available resources and technology. In the birth rate had grown to 40 births per until politicians realised the growing problem and launched the One Family One Child Policy in In Germany, the fertility rate is well below replacement level, having dropped to 1.

For this reason, Germany has adopted several measures that attempt to encourage families to have more children:. Sparsely populated rural areas: very few people live on the mountainous slopes in the centre of Honshu island and the south of Shikoku island, because of:.

Densely populated rural areas : many people live on the flat valleys and gentle slopes of Honshu and Kyushu islands because they:. Densely populated urban areas: many people live in towns and cities along the coast, especially on Honshu island, in the conurbation of Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka; because of:. With a population of around 35 millionand a population density of 3. The population of Canada is clustered in the Southern areas; because, the cold Arctic climate makes cultivation impossible and it is rather unpleasant to live in those cold areas.

Also, more people live in Eastern areas, since the West has mountainous areas such as the Canadian Rockies that are too steep to farm on easily and challenging for construction and transport. Problems of population decline:. This has been caused by factors such as:.

For more information visit: Population growth rate in Uganda. An increase in the percentage of elderly dependents is a strain on the working population as higher taxation is required to support the pensions of the elderly and to fund services such as health care and specialised homes.

Government-funded pensions may have to shrink to cover everybody, leaving many people with less to spend and some in poverty. In contrast, services for younger peoplesuch as schools, are underused. These services may then have to close eg. Woodly School in North Yorkshire which shut in due to a lack of students. As a result, some people may be left unemployed. Also, there are not enough economically active people, causing a lack of workforce and making it harder to defend the country.

Botswana is a landlocked country, north of South Africa. In Botswana, this occurs mainly during sexual intercourse or from mother to child during pregnancy.If you've found the resources on this site useful please consider making a secure donation via PayPal to support the development of the site.

The site is self-funded and your support is really appreciated. This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse the site, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. We may request cookies to be set on your device. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. Click on the different category headings to find out more.

You can also change some of your preferences. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features.

Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, you cannot refuse them without impacting how our site functions. You can block or delete them by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience.

We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps and external Video providers. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Geography Case Studies All of our geography case studies in one place.

Coastal Erosion Use the images below to find out more about each case study. The Holderness Coast. The Dorset Coast. Coastal Management Use the images below to find out more about each case study. Sandscaping at Bacton, Norfolk. Coastal Deposition Use the images below to find out more about each case study.

Spurn Point. Blakeney Point Spit. Earthquakes Use the images below to find out more about each case study. Christchurch Earthquake. Haiti Earthquake. Japan Earthquake Nepal Earthquake Lombok Indonesia Earthquake Lack of resources, poor infrastructure and under-developed technology coupled with the high population have been responsible for decreasing the carrying capacity of the region.

Overpopulation in Bangladesh resulted in overcrowded areas with traffic congestion as there are too many vehicles on the the roads, especially in cities such as Dhaka.

Vehicle emissions, industrial discharge and burning of fossil fuels have resulted in air pollutionwhile the ground water has been polluted due to arsenic. Furthermore, shortage of food lead to overcultivation on the flood plains of the Ganges rivercausing lower yields and soil exhaustion.

igcse geography case studies pdf

Another major problem is the widespread deforestation for firewood on the slopes of the Himalayas. The capital of Bangladesh, Dhaka, also suffers from severe housing shortages due to mass urbanisation. Canada is regarded as an underpopulated country as the carrying capacity is much higher than the current population.

The 35 million people in Canada can not fully exploit the available resources and technology. In the birth rate had grown to 40 births per until politicians realised the growing problem and launched the One Family One Child Policy in In Germany, the fertility rate is well below replacement level, having dropped to 1. For this reason, Germany has adopted several measures that attempt to encourage families to have more children:.

Sparsely populated rural areas: very few people live on the mountainous slopes in the centre of Honshu island and the south of Shikoku island, because of:. Densely populated rural areas : many people live on the flat valleys and gentle slopes of Honshu and Kyushu islands because they:.

Densely populated urban areas: many people live in towns and cities along the coast, especially on Honshu island, in the conurbation of Tokyo, Nagoya and Osaka; because of:.

With a population of around 35 millionand a population density of 3. The population of Canada is clustered in the Southern areas; because, the cold Arctic climate makes cultivation impossible and it is rather unpleasant to live in those cold areas. Also, more people live in Eastern areas, since the West has mountainous areas such as the Canadian Rockies that are too steep to farm on easily and challenging for construction and transport. Problems of population decline:.

This has been caused by factors such as:. For more information visit: Population growth rate in Uganda. An increase in the percentage of elderly dependents is a strain on the working population as higher taxation is required to support the pensions of the elderly and to fund services such as health care and specialised homes. Government-funded pensions may have to shrink to cover everybody, leaving many people with less to spend and some in poverty.

In contrast, services for younger peoplesuch as schools, are underused. These services may then have to close eg. Woodly School in North Yorkshire which shut in due to a lack of students. As a result, some people may be left unemployed. Also, there are not enough economically active people, causing a lack of workforce and making it harder to defend the country.Monday 6th April am Magnitude of 6.

June 15th In Philippines Luzon Island smaller eruptions happened 2 days before it erupted 30km plume of ash erupted into sky 6 people were killed and killed by aftershocks Mudslides and rain Happened because of a destructive plate boundary where oceanic slides under continental 1 million farm animals killed causing farmers to move to cities creating over crowdedness and shanty towns Power lines down Ash 1 foot deep Ash covering fields so crops cannot grow US base shut down People evacuated Scientists knew it was going to erupt sulphur dioxide by mountain.

South east is more economically developed then the north east North east: In the north east there are long periods with no rain and high temps Infertile soil and eroded Little natural resources Dry, Rocky and Rugged Government did not invest much South east: Nicer climate, less extreme temperatures Good supply of raw materials so industry set up here Flat land And government has invested here so industries attracted here. Rustbelt: Near the river and large spaces of flat land Near Raw Materials All industry near each other easy transport between factories Skilled workers Reasons for change: Modern Industries footloose can locate anywhere as transport has become easier Raw Materials can be imported Decline in demand for steel so factories for that not needed anymore Sunbelt: Nicer climate area more sunny pleasant Unskilled and skilled workers Less risk of strike due to lower union membership Low labour costs and taxes Old factories closing down and becoming derelict.

Why India? Cocoa farmers can be treated unfairly as weighing scales may be fixed to show a lower weight then actual weight. Before they joined fair trade farmers earnt less then 50p a day When they asked for money they did not give it as they knew they would find it cheaper from somewhere else. All profits go back to MEDC Big chocolate companies are very powerful can negotiate cheap prices Kuapa Kokoo was formed by a group of cocoa farmers who realised they could earn more from selling cocoa beans.

Has improved life for its farmers as they will always get a good income and receive approx 14 for each bag they sell. Can be used to improve community Get a steady, constant income even though weather varies for their family and themselves. This is an example of fair trade as they are not being exploited. Learn more about Scribd Membership Home.

Read Free For 30 Days. Much more than documents. Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers. Start Free Trial Cancel anytime. Uploaded by Attiya. Document Information click to expand document information Date uploaded Dec 06, Did you find this document useful? Is this content inappropriate?

cie-igcse-geography-0460-case-studies-znotes.pdf

Report this Document.Arenal, Costa Rica Tourism Mt. Learn more about Scribd Membership Home. Read Free For 30 Days. Much more than documents. Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers. Start Free Trial Cancel anytime. Uploaded by Ebid Alfatikh. Document Information click to expand document information Date uploaded Apr 02, Did you find this document useful?

Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document. Flag for inappropriate content. Download Now. Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. What If? Jump to Page. Search inside document. Related Searches Igcse geography. Documents Similar To cie-igcse-geographycase-studies-znotes. Kwadwo Kankam. Ahmed Tahir.These case study summaries have been prepared t he! New Forest coastline in Hampshire has clay and sand cliffs of 30m which have retreated 60m since now being protected by concrete sea wall and groynes!

Ds highest land is metres above sea level and most of the land is no more than a metre above the sea 0ffects everal times each year the waves from the 'acific come r! Case study 4?

igcse geography case studies pdf

Aon in 'hilippines. Case study 5? Case study 55' P pu! Case study 57' Overp pu! Case study 59' Underp pu! Case study 7? Case study 7;' Atti i Od s The idea began in s to construct a motorway that would constitute the regional ring road of Athens The main objectives at that time were to facilitate traffic circulation in the road network of the Attica basin and to mitigate the environmental problems caused by traffic in the area.

The various flood protection projects constructed from 'esogeia to lefsina that have secured the whole Attica refecture against floods. Tolls are charged to keep up the maintenance of the road. Case study 9? H system3 conference facilities3 resta! Learn more about Scribd Membership Home. Read Free For 30 Days. Much more than documents. Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Start Free Trial Cancel anytime. Uploaded by Steph Addo-Quaye. Document Information click to expand document information Description: Case studies. Date uploaded Dec 11, Did you find this document useful? Is this content inappropriate? Report this Document.

IGCSE Geography: Weather, Climate and Ecosystems Case Studies

Description: Case studies. Flag for inappropriate content.

igcse geography case studies pdf

Download Now. Related titles. Carousel Previous Carousel Next. Jump to Page. Search inside document. Aon in 'hilippines v! Related Searches Igcse geography Igcse.


thoughts on “Igcse geography case studies pdf

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *